It’s been a while since we actually discussed the use of wikis and other collaborative software in teaching, but I thought I’d give a review of my own experience with the format for anyone who’s interested. A little more than a year ago, our lab began using some of the tools provided by OpenWetWare, an open-access wiki which aims
“to promote the sharing of information, know-how, and wisdom among researchers and groups who are working in biology & biological engineering. OWW provides a place for labs, individuals, and groups to organize their own information and collaborate with others easily and efficiently. In the process, we hope that OWW will not only lead to greater collaboration between member groups, but also provide a useful information portal to our colleagues, and ultimately the rest of the world.”
Our lab has a page in this system that any of our members can edit that serves as a repository of information for internal use, as well as a resource for anyone else interested in what we do and how we do it. Overall, the tool is extremely versatile, and we don’t take advantage of everything available, but here’s an overview of the more common uses and my thoughts on how it stacks up for each.
- Lab webpage – OWW provides a very simple, no-HTML-knowledge-needed interface and hosting service for labs in this field, and allows all members of the lab to be involved in maintaining a public front. This makes it relatively easy for current research projects to be updated regularly, which means a lot to potential graduate students (at least it did to me). This also gets everyone in the lab involved in shaping the goals and image of the lab, which joins us as a team and helps our individual development as scientists.
- Online protocols – Protocols on OWW can be either lab-specific (like these used by our lab) or consensus (like this excellent protocol for Ethanol precipitation of nucleic acids). The consensus protocols are the resource that brought me to OWW in the first place, and the quality of the entries is indeed very good, better in many cases than those on protocol-online.org or other similar resources. From a personal development standpoint, I found it to be a tremendous exercise to post the protocols I use regularly because the threat of peer review causes me to be that much more thorough and to closely consider every step I take for it’s purpose and validity.
- Course webpages / Teaching – I have a friend in the lab who keeps course materials from a few courses he’s developed under his user page on OWW. This space serves not only as a public repository for syllabus information, but also as a space for discussions of shared readings and project brainstorming and planning. There is some – although not insurmountable – technical barrier to entry, and the courses here were relatively small and the students were more tech-savvy than many. We have both found that, in other cases where users are less comfortable with the medium, there is some hesitation to try it out, and it can be difficult to get students to participate.
- Open Lab Notebooks – One of the most interesting features on OWW is the Lab Notebook, which does what you’d think, except online and open. I can’t use this personally because of IP issues, but I love the idea of a similar system on a private server if necessary, if only out of the convenience of having easy organized access to my collaborators’ and my own notes, protocols, and progress readily available and searchable. Aside from this, I think it could be fantastic as a teaching tool. Online lab notebooks could replace or enhance lab reports in teaching labs where individuals or groups link to that for their grade. The notebooks can be organized by project, and summaries of each project and the results could replace the traditional lab report. Because the wiki tracks changes, it would be relatively simple to monitor distribution of work among a group, and the talk page for each project could be a forum for feedback from the instructor or TA. What I’m describing is essentially what is done by each team as part of iGEM, the undergraduate synthetic biology competition that VCU participated in for the first time last summer. I’ll have more on this experience and its good and bad in a follow-up post. In any case, I highly recommend looking over some of the recent notebook entries found on the Lab Notebook link above for ideas about how they are used and organized.
Like any other technology, wikis are not a magic bullet for Instant Student Learning, but it is a pretty powerful medium for online collaboration of all types, and, in the right hands, it could greatly enhance student engagement and encourage meta-level thinking about the content they are presenting to the world.